Building in Plaza del Rey, Burgos. Pre-patinated copper facade with butt joints (caption)
The butt joint system is also known as the scale system. It is maybe the most flexible of the systems as its joint bends easily and adapts to complex shapes. It can be used on roofs but with slopes over 25º.
This is a system that covers the facade by crimping individual sheets of metal (called 'scales') together on site to form a sealed joint with hidden fastenings. It is fitted from the bottom up.
As opposed to the seam for facades, in this system the joint is the same along the whole perimeter of each metal sheet, creating equal lines in both directions. The installation direction for the scales is usually horizontal but it can also be vertical or at 45º. It can also be at a specific angle if required by the project.
The joints impress very fine lines on the facade. These joints appear every half metre more or less in one direction and in the other direction they can appear every half metre up to every 2 metres or more depending on the chosen aesthetics for the facade. The exploded view can include aligned or layered scales, creating several design possibilities for the architect.
To order the facade correctly, it is very important for the joints to coincide with the woodwork location or with other openings in the facade. Please ask Quinta Metálica for more advice on facade modulation.
It is possible to combine different heights of plates to create more interest on the facade. Please contact Quinta Metálica so we can show you the options available for each material.
Detached house in Carvajal de la Legua, León. Butt joint facade
As far as any technicalities are concerned, maximum care ensures a perfect facade. These technicalities let the metal dilate in response to their every day thermal changes. This, even on the facade, continues to be essential to make sure the panelling lasts a long time. Quinta Metálica uses the same technical details developed and tested in countries such as Germany, Belgium, France and England to guarantee that facades can dilate without any problems.
Butt joint diagram on ventilated facade:
Layered scales give the curved facade movement
Scales aligned vertically (caption)
||Minimum visual impact of joints on the facade, variety of itemised views, craftsmanship
||Scales are normally horizontal or vertical but they can also be diagonal
||Flat and curved facades Total all over the facade
||Total all over the facade
||On the roof, reserved for slopes over 25º
||Indirect, with fixed side pieces on the joints held to the support with screws or rivets
||Normally every 300 to 400mm
||An overlap of 5mm in height
|Plate size (between joint axles)
||From 430 to 600mm wide x between 600mm and 4m maximum length
||Depends on the wind load, the metal and its thickness, and the chosen aesthetics (tolerance to possible water on the scales - contact Quinta Metalica for more details)
||Over the whole surface and reasonably smooth
||Board, rigid insulator, sandwich panels, corrugated metal
Request for information
For technical consultancy on your project, please contact Quinta Metalica and we will be happy to help you.