curtain wall system

Butt joint

flat lock joint system

Building in Plaza del Rey, Burgos. Pre-patinated copper facade with butt joints (caption)


flat lock joint system
flat lock joint

The butt joint system is also known as the scale system. It is maybe the most flexible of the systems as its joint bends easily and adapts to complex shapes. It can be used on roofs but with slopes over 25º.

This is a system that covers the facade by crimping individual sheets of metal (called 'scales') together on site to form a sealed joint with hidden fastenings. It is fitted from the bottom up.

flat lock joint on façade
flat lock joint on façades

As opposed to the seam for facades, in this system the joint is the same along the whole perimeter of each metal sheet, creating equal lines in both directions. The installation direction for the scales is usually horizontal but it can also be vertical or at 45º. It can also be at a specific angle if required by the project.

The joints impress very fine lines on the facade. These joints appear every half metre more or less in one direction and in the other direction they can appear every half metre up to every 2 metres or more depending on the chosen aesthetics for the facade. The exploded view can include aligned or layered scales, creating several design possibilities for the architect.

To order the facade correctly, it is very important for the joints to coincide with the woodwork location or with other openings in the facade. Please ask Quinta Metálica for more advice on facade modulation.

It is possible to combine different heights of plates to create more interest on the facade. Please contact Quinta Metálica so we can show you the options available for each material.

flat lock joint curtain wall system

Detached house in Carvajal de la Legua, León. Butt joint facade

As far as any technicalities are concerned, maximum care ensures a perfect facade. These technicalities let the metal dilate in response to their every day thermal changes. This, even on the facade, continues to be essential to make sure the panelling lasts a long time. Quinta Metálica uses the same technical details developed and tested in countries such as Germany, Belgium, France and England to guarantee that facades can dilate without any problems.

Butt joint diagram on ventilated facade:

flat lock joint curtain wall systems
curtain wall system
Layered scales give the curved facade movement Scales aligned vertically (caption)

System summary

Characteristics Comments
Aesthetics Minimum visual impact of joints on the facade, variety of itemised views, craftsmanship Scales are normally horizontal or vertical but they can also be diagonal
Shapes covered Flat and curved facades Total all over the facade
Sealing Total all over the facade On the roof, reserved for slopes over 25º
Fastening method Indirect, with fixed side pieces on the joints held to the support with screws or rivets Normally every 300 to 400mm
Joint size An overlap of 5mm in height
Plate size (between joint axles) From 430 to 600mm wide x between 600mm and 4m maximum length Depends on the wind load, the metal and its thickness, and the chosen aesthetics (tolerance to possible water on the scales - contact Quinta Metalica for more details)
Support required Over the whole surface and reasonably smooth Board, rigid insulator, sandwich panels, corrugated metal
Cost Economical

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For technical consultancy on your project, please contact Quinta Metalica and we will be happy to help you.









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